In this blog post, we want to tackle a topic that is really intended for advanced users. If you are not an advanced user, you still might benefit from some of the information found here. Just be sure that you fully understand what you’re doing before you decide to take on the project we describe here. That project is one of installing a local version of WordPress on your home or office computer.
WordPress is a content management system (CMS) that is intended to be run on internet servers so that readers have access from around the world. But there may be instances in which advanced users prefer to install a local version in addition to their internet version. This might be done for learning, training and testing purposes, or because a company wants to create a private WordPress environment that cannot be accessed from the outside.
The 3-Step Installation Process
Advanced WordPress users can use a simple 3-step process described below to create a local version of the CMS. Details of each step have been provided with the understanding that advanced users will know how to do these things themselves. If you want to try this but do not know how to do it, be sure to brush up on your research first.
Without further delay, the five steps are as follows:
1. Install a WordPress Server
The first step is to install a WordPress server on your local machine. There are free, open source server solutions available for Windows, Mac, and Linux, including the popular WAMP server for Windows. A good server combines PHP, MySQL, and Apache.
2. Create the WordPress Database
As a CMS, WordPress is a database-driven system. That’s why you cannot simply copy your WordPress folder to a new internet service provider and preserve your installation completely intact. You also have to transfer the database.
For a local installation, you need to create and activate the database WordPress requires. To do this, create an empty MySQL database and give it a name along with a username and password. It is quite likely the server solution you chose will have the ability to create a database built in.
3. Download and Install WordPress
The third step is to download and install WordPress. You can download a copy directly from the WordPress website. Note that when you install, you’ll have to create a site name along with a separate username and password for WordPress. You will also have to input database information. Make sure you write down your database name, host, prefix, and username and password so that you have that information available during installation.
If you’ve done everything correctly you should now be able to log in to your local WordPress site in the same way you would an online site. Point your browser to the login page, enter your username and password, and proceed to the WordPress dashboard. You’re all set to begin doing whatever you want to do. Everything should work identically to an online installation.